Updated 28 Dec 2012

The Will of Roger Gillingham 1695

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The Will of Roger Gillingham

1625-95. Born Cowgrove or Pamphill Green, Dorset
Treasurer of the Middle Temple, London
Due to size, scans only viewable on CD, not online

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Page 1 - the first ten lines from 14 pages and 687 lines, all in the "Secretary Hand" of 1695.

Page 1 see scan   see index

01    IN THE NAME OF GOD AMEN
02    I Roger Gillingham of the Middle Temple London Esqr
03    being at this present (I bless God for it) in good and perfect health
04    and of sound mind and memory doe make and ordain this my last
05    Will and Testament this second day of July in the year of our Lord
06    one thousand six hundred ninety five in manner and forme following
07    humbly submitting my self and it to the good pleasure of the Almighty
08    And first I doe herein with all humility acknowledge and adore the
09    Majestie and goodness of the most gracious father in Jesus Christ for
10    those many dayly and undeserved mercies he hath vouchsafed
11    unto me a most unworthy and sinful creature in this troublesome
12    World most earnestly beseeching his fatherly goodness to crowne
13    them all with that which is above all, even the washing away of all
14    my sinns with the most precious blood of his dear and only sonne
15    and my alone Saviour Jesus Christ and for his merrits safe to receive
16    my soul into his most mercifull hands which I shall (through his help
17    most willingly render up into him whensoever and howsoever it
18    shall please him to require the same and my body I bequeath to the
19    Earth to be decently interred with the least charge and trouble and vain
20    solemnity as it may conveniently be done in the Temple Church there
21    to expect the joyfull resurrection of the righteous amongst whom my
22    hopes are I shall be accompted through the most abundant love
23    of my most heavenly ffather manifestly unto me in Jesus Christ
24    my Redeemer Next for my worldly estate which God in his
25    Mercy hath heretofore given me and still left and intrusted me withall
26    (after my great and unaccountable losses for about three years
27    last past, in the stocks of the East India and Affrican Companys

Page 1 - the last two lines in which Roger Gillingham bemoans his "great and unaccountable losses for about three years" in stocks on the newly invented Stock Exchange.

Page 2 see scan   see index

01    and Lechmere's salt petre workes amounting to many thousands of
02    pounds) for which I render unto him all due praise and thanksgiving
03    I doe devise limitt and appoint the same in in manner as herein after
04    followeth imploring the mercy of God that his blessing may goe along
05    with it to those for whom I intend the same First of all I give and
06    devise all the annual or yearly ffee ffarme rent or summe of
07    sevent eight pounds six shillings two pence three ffarthings and all
08    other rents whatsoever belonging to me, issuing out of the Mannor of
09    Shittlington, or any other lands tenements and hereditaments in the
10    Parish of Shittlington or else where in the County of Bedford which I
11    purchased of Sr Peter Barwich in my owne and and Sr William
12    Barkham's names unto my cousin Roger Gillingham (great grandson
13    of my sister Margaret long since deceased) and the Issues of his
14    body to be begotten and for default of such issue to my Cousin Roger
15    Bramble (another great grandson of my said sister and the issues
16    of his body to be begotten and for default of such Issue to my cousin
17    Roger Thurborne (grandson of my said sister) and his issues for ever
18    charged and chargeable inworthlesse? for ever with the Annuall or
19    yearly summe of tenn pounds free of all Taxes and charges ordinary
20    and extra ordinary which I hereby direct and appoint shall be paid
21    thereout at Nicholas and Lady Day or within fourteen days after
22    oath of the said ffeasts yearely to such Schoole Master of the time
23    being and his successors inhabiting within the towne and Parish of
24    Luton in the said county of Bedford as shall be from time to time
25    nominated and appointed to receive the same by Sr John Napier
26    of Luton Hoe in the said Parish of Luton Barronet and the heires
27    males of his body begotten and to be begotten soe long as such
28    issue shall be and continue Lords and Owners of the Mannor house
29    and parke of Luton Hoe aforesaid for the time being or in case
30    there shall be noe such issue (which I hope will never fail) then
31    as the Right heires and Assignes of the said Sr John Napier who
32    shall be Lourds and Owners of the said Mannor house and Parke for
33    the time being shall direct limitt and appoint to receive the said
34    Annuall summe of tenn pounds for his the said Schoolmaster teaching
35    and instructing gratis, without any other reward for the same such
36    and soe many of the male children of the Inhabitants within the
37    said Parish (not exceeding twenty in number of children to be
38    from time to time nominated by the said Sr John Napier or other
39    the proprietors of the said mannor house and parke for the time
40    being as aforesaid as shall from time to time be sent to schoole
41    to such schoolmaster to be taught and instructed by him to read
42    and write well and likewise cast accompt according to the Rules of
43    Arithmetick from Numeration to the ends of the Gold or Rules of
44    three as likewise of Reduction both of whole numbers and ffracions
45    for which my will and mind is such school Master shall be qualified
46    to and shall teach such children) Alsoe I give and devise all my
47    messuages and tenements in Curriors Abbey at? Stonecutters Street
48    near Shoelane in the Parish of St Brides at? Bridgett London now
49    in Lease under the yearly ground rent of forty pounds and all the
50    Estate and Interest For any in trust for me have or or hath therein
51    unto my said cousin Roger Gillingham and the Issues of his body
52    to be begotten and for default of such issue to my said cousin Roger
Note 1. (in line 01) A saltpetre company formed by Thomas Lechmere in 1692
The shares started high then fell heavily, like many similar companies

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01    Bramble and the heirs of his body to be begotten and for default of such
02    issue to my said cousin Roger Thurborne and his heires for ever Alsoe I
03    give and devise unto Thomas Parker Taylor (nephew of my first wife
04    Susan and his heirs all those nine acres and an half of meadow lands in
05    Spacbury? Marsh and all in my Estate therein which I hold for my owne and
06    two other heirs by Least? of the Deane of St Pauls London Alsoe I give
07    and bequeath unto the said Thomas Parker my messuage or tenement in
08    Blackfryers London near the ditch side there now in the possession of
09    William Stead or his assignes for all the rest and residue of the terme
10    I have therein And whereas I did upon the fourteenth of July one thousand
11    six hundred ninety four pay into the Exchequer two severall hundred pounds
12    for the purchase of two severall Annuityes of twelve pounds a peice on
13    the late act called the Image act and have two severall Tallyes and
14    orders for the same whereof one Tally and Order numbered 1037 for the
15    lives of Thomas Tibbots Taylor and Susan his wife (sister of the said
16    Thomas Parker and the other Tally and Order numbered 1038 for the
17    lives of Benjamin Parker (brother of the said Thomas Parker) and
18    Thomas Parker his sonn now I doe hereby give and bequeath unto the
19    said Thomas Parker (brother of the said Benjamine) his heires and
20    Assignes both the said Annuityes upon trust that he and they shall
21    permit and suffer the said Thomas Tibbotts during his life and after
22    his decease to the said Susan for her life to have and receive the twelve
23    pounds Annuity holden for their Lives as aforesaid and alsoe in like
24    manner shall permit and suffer the said Benjamin Parker dureing
25    his life and after his decease the said Tho.Parker his son for his life
26    to have and receive the twelve pounds per Annum holden for their
27    Lives as aforesaid provided neverthelesse that if that if the said Thomas Parker
28    and Benjamin Parker his brother or one of them doe not within one
29    month after my decease upon request to them on that behalf made by
30    one of my Executors procure the bond I have heretofore given to them
31    bearing date on or about the eighteenth day of January one thousand
32    six hundred seventy eight for the payment of six pounds per Annum
33    for the use of the said Susan dureing her life to be delivered up to be cancelled
34    Then this my bequest of the said Annuity to the said Thomas Parker and the
35    said Trusts and on receiving the same to be void Alsoe I give and bequeath unto
36    my said cousin Roger Thurborne his Executors and Asignes my Lease
37    hold messuage or tenement at Chilbridge in the Parish of Wimborne
38    Minister in the County of Dorsett with the appurtenances and the Lands
39    thereunto belonging to hold the same for and dureing all the rest and
40    residue of the terme I have therein Alsoe I give and devise all my
41    share benefit and advantage whatsoever which doth or shall or may
42    accrue or come unto me my heirs Executors or Administrators by
43    vertue or means of any bequest or devise to to me or any other person
44    or persons in trust for me by the last Will and Testament of my
45    brother in Law Mr Richard Alchorne lately deceased unto my beloved
46    cousin William Pottell of the Middle Temple London gent and to my
47    cousin Roger Hayward sonn of my cousin Richard Hayward by his
48    now wife Anne who was neece to the said Richard Alchorne and Agnes my
49    late deare wife and to the heires Executors and Administrators of the
50    said William Pottell and Roger Hayward for ever equally to be divided
51    between them share and share alike Alsoe I give and devise unto my said
52    cousin William Pottell one Annuity or yearely Summe of twenty pounds

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01    to be paid or deducted by him for his owne use dureing the minorityes
02    of my said cousins Roger Gillingham and Roger Bramble out of the rents
03    and profits of such Estates as I have by this my Will given and limitted or
04    shall thereby give and limitt unto them respectively Alsoe I give and devise
05    unto my Executors herein after named and their heires All that my thirty six
06    part or share of the moiety of the New River water brought from Chadwell
07    and Amwell to London called the Kings moiety with the rights members
08    and appurtenances thereunto belonging and all the Estate and Interest I
09    have therein And all that my Coppyhold FFarme and Lands with the
10    appurtenances in the Parish of Hackney in the county of Middx held of the
11    Mannor commonly called the Kings Mannor in Hackney now in the possession
12    of Thomas Hassack And all that my Coppyhold Tenure with the
13    appurtenances and fields or parcell of ground containing by estimation
14    three acres more or less lying in the hamlet of Bednall Green held of
15    the Mannor of Stepney in the said County of Middx now or late in the
16    respective possessions of Robert Dalby and Joseph Camblet (all which
17    Coppyhold Lands with other Lands held of the said Mannors of Hackney
18    and Stepney which I have lately sold I have respectively surrendred to
19    the use of my Will And alsoe I give and devise unto my said Executors and
20    their heires all that my meadow and pasture field at Bednall Green
21    aforesaid containing by estimation five acres more or lesse now in the
22    possession of Richard Whaley which I hold by Lease from the said Deane
23    of St Pauls for my owne and two other lives? to and upon the trust herein
24    aftermentioned I alsoe give and bequeath unto my said Executors all the
25    Actions Stock and Shares I have in my own name and in the name of Mr
26    William Sheppard Goldsmith in the generall Stock of the East India
27    Company and alsoe the tenn actions or shares I now have in the Royall
28    Affrican Company together with such parts or shares I have in Lechmere's
29    salt petre works and all and singular my plate Bonds Bills Debts and
30    creditts and all other my goods chattells and personall Estate whatsoever
31    (not hereby or by some Codicill or Codicills otherwise disposed and
32    given away in specie) which said severall devises and bequests are soe
33    made unto my said Executors upon trust that they and the Survivors and
34    survivor of them and the heires and Executors of such survivor shall with
35    the most convenient speed they cann make sale of the said ffreehold
36    Coppyhold and leasehold Estates Stock plate and other of my personall
37    Estate devised and bequeathed unto them as aforesaid and out of the moneys
38    thereby raised made and received shall pay and discharge all my debts
39    Legacies and Ffuneral expences and after the same are discharged shall
40    disburse and lay out soe much more of the said moneys as they shall
41    think necessary (not exceeding the summe of four hundred pounds in the
42    incloseing with brick wlling or other ffencing soe much ground out
43    of one of the Closes lying next Pamphill Green (where I was borne) in
44    the Parish of Wimborne Minster in the County of Dorset which I lately
45    purchased of William Hollway and his Trustees containeing half an
46    acre or thereabouts as they my said Executors shall set out and think
47    fit to inclose for the erecting and building thereupon a convenient school
48    house with a roome or chamber over it which they shall erect and
49    build accordingly) for a School Master to lodge and reside in whom I
50    would have to be a widdower or single person never marryed And
51    also in building on one side of such schoolehouse contiguous thereunto
52    four convenient ground roomes or Almshouses for four poor indigent

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01    men who shall be widowers or single persons never marryed and on the
02    other side thereof four other ground rooms or Almshouses for four poor
03    indigent women who shall be widows or single persons never marryed
04    to live in and inhabit all to be built covered and finished by and with the
05    moneys to be raised as aforesaid with good well burnt Bricks and Tyles
06    and raised and compleated with such timber and other materialls as are
07    fit and necessary for such houses and buildings together with such necessarys
08    and apputenances to be made and set out to be belonging thereunto both
09    within and without the said buildings as may make the same convenient for
10    such school master and Almes ffolkes and their successors for ever comfortably
11    to inhabit therein And my will is and I doe hereby direct and appoint that
12    such school master as shall receive the benefaction herein after mentioned
13    shall be qualified for and be able to and shall teach to write a good legible
14    Secretary hand and to read English well and to cast accompt well
15    according to the Rules of Arithmetick from Numeration to the end of the
16    Golden or rules of Three and likewise of Reduction both of whole numbers
17    and of fractions usually taught by writing Masters and and Practioners of
18    Arithmetick And alsoe shall instruct in the Church Catechisme all such male
19    children of the inhabitants of the said Parish dwelling therein westwards of
20    the said town of Wimborne Minster between the two Rivers there one
21    named the Stower and the other Allen or (as commonly called) the brooke
22    all along the hambletts and other inhabited places there there from the said
23    Towne to the and of the said Parish towards Shapwick and Witchampton
24    as shall from time to time be sent to school to such school master (not
25    exceeding the number of forty to be by him taught and instructed as
26    aforesaid And that such school master shall every morning at eleven and
27    every evening at five of the clock in the said school house read to the said
28    poor Almes people and Scholars a Chapter out of the new Testament
29    together with the Common Church Prayers or such other prayers and Service
30    as the Ministers of the Church of Wimborne Minster or any two of them
31    for the time being shall approve or direct in that behalf And I will and
32    appoint that the said school master and Almes ffolkes shall be and
33    continued single and unmarryed persons And that none of the said Almes
34    ffolkes shall be admitted into the said Almeshouses under the age of sixty
35    or fifty five years at the least and that four of them whereof two to be
36    men and the other two women shall be for ever nominated and taken out
37    of the poorest and most indigent inhabitants of the Tything of Cowgrove
38    (wherein I was borne) and the other four two men and two women out of
39    the like Inhabitants of the other Tythings contiguous or near thereunto
40    dwelling westwards of the said Towne of Wimborne Minster between the
41    said two Rivers as aforesaid and not otherwise and that such schoole
42    master and Almes ffolkes as shall first be placed in the said schoole house
43    and Almeshouses shall be nominated and placed therein by my said
44    Executors or the Survivors or Survivor of them and that all the succeeding
45    school masters and Almes ffolkes shall be from thence forward from time
46    to time nominated and placed therein by the Governors of the possession
47    Revenues and Goods of the ffree Grammar school of Queen Elizabeth
48    in Wimborne Minster aforesaid and their successors for ever And I doe
49    alsoe will direct and appoint that my said Executors shall lay out and
50    dispose of the rest and residue of the said moneys to be raised and made
51    as aforesaid out of my ffreehold Coppyhold Leasehold and personall
52    Estates devised and bequeathed unto them to be sold as aforesaid and the

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01    rents and profits Interest and proceed they shall make thereof for the
02    purchasing of Lands tenements and hereditaments of a good Estate in ffee
03    simple in the said Parish of Wimborne Minster or other the east part of the
04    said County of Dorset or in Hampshire or Wiltshire some or other of them
05    as near to the said Parish of Wimborne Minster as the same can conveniently
06    be had and obtained which with the Lands and Tenements herein next
07    following (which I hereby alsoe give and devise to my said Executors and
08    their heires (that is to say) All those my Ffreehold Lands tenements and
09    hereditaments called Bear Lands lying in the said Parish of Wimborne
10    Minster and Corfe Mullen in the said County of Dorsett which descended
11    unto me upon the death of my nephew Roger Gillingham (son of my
12    brother Thomas Gillingham deceased and alsoe all my Lands tenements
13    and hereditaments at Pamphill aforesaid and also where in the same Parish
14    of Wimborne Minster which I lately purchased of Wiliam Hollway and
15    his Trustees and all the Estate and Interest I or any in trust for me
16    have or hath therein (except such part of one of the Closes thereof as
17    my Executors shall take out and inclose for the erecting and accomodating
18    the said schoole house and Almeshouses as aforesaid And which said
19    parcell of Land soe to be taken out and inclosed I hereby give and
20    devise to the said Governors of the possessions ?? and goods
21    of the said ffree Grammar schoole of Queen Elizabeth in Wimborne
22    Minster aforesaid and their successors for ever to be holden in trust
23    and for the use of the said schoole master and Almes ffolkes respectively
24    as shall be chosen and placed therein successively as aforesaid And my
25    will and mind is and I doe hereby direct limit and appoint that my
26    said Executors and their heires shall settle and convey (that is to say)
27    as well the said Lands and tenements to be purchased by them as aforesaid
28    as alsoe the last mentioned premises to them devised as aforesaid
29    to and upon my said cousin Roger Gillingham and the heires of his
30    body issueing and for want of such issue to my said Cousin Roger
31    Bramble and the heires of his body issueing with remainder to my
32    said cousin Roger Thurborne and his heires for ever charged and
33    chargeable neverthelesse with the Annual or yearly summe of threescore
34    and five pounds to be there cost for ever issueing and payable free of
35    all taxes and charges ordinary and extraordinary whatsoever upon
36    this expresse trust and to this intent that my said cousin Roger
37    Gillingham and the heires of his body and for want of such issue That
38    my said cousin Roger Bramble and the heires of his body and for
39    want of such issue that my said cousin Roger Thurborne his heires
40    and Assignes shall yearly and every year for ever out of the Rents
41    and profits of the premises soe to be settled and conveyed unto and
42    upon them respectively as aforesaid raise and pay the said yearely
43    summe of sixty five pounds to the uses following (that is to say) the
44    yearely summe of twenty pounds part thereof to and to the use of
45    such school master and school masters as shall from time to time
46    be placed in the school house aforesaid as a sallary in recompense of
47    his and their paines for teaching the said children and performing
48    other the duties and services aforesaid and the yearely summe of forty
49    pounds other parte of the said yearely summe of sixty five pounds
50    to the said eight Almesmen and Almeswomen as shall be from time to
51    time placed in the said Almeshouses (that is to say) five pounds apeice
52    to each of them yearely for the maintenance and the five per Annum
Note 1. (against lines 8-11) Heretofor parcell of this demesnes of an
Ancient Mannor called ye Mannor of Beare in the County of Dorset.

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01    residue of the said sixty five pounds per Annum for the repairs of the
02    said schoolehouse and Almshouses as occasion shall shall be and if noe
03    such occasion shall be then for the increase of the said poor Almes
04    peoples mauntenance the said sixty five pounds per Annum to be paid
05    by quarterly payments upon the ffeast dayes of St Michael the
06    Archangell the ffeast of the birth of our Lord Christ, the ffeast of the
07    Annunciation of the blessed virgin Mary and the ffeast of the nativity
08    of St John Baptist by even and equall portions and the first payment
09    thereof to commence upon such of the said ffeast days as shall happen
10    next after the expiration of two yeares at farthest after my decease
11    within which terme of two yeares after my decease I desire the said
12    school-house and Almes houses shall be built and such schol master
13    and Almes people as aforesaid be chosen and placed therein And I
14    declare my meaning to be that the twenty pounds per Annum appointed
15    for the said school master together with his equipment of the said
16    schoole house and roome for his habitation shall be all his reward
17    for the performance of the dutyes enjoyned him as aforesaid and I
18    declare and appoint that the said Governors of the possessions revenues
19    and goods of the free Grammar schoole aforesaid and their successor
20    shall be visitors of the said schoole and Almeshouses and Almespeople
21    aforesaid and shall have power to remove them any or either of them
22    at their Will and pleasure for misbehaviour or upon other just
23    occasions without appeal neverthelesse the school master if removed
24    to have six months warning before his removall provided alwayes
25    and I declare my will and mind to be that if the rents and profits of the
26    and last mentioned premises hereby directed by me to be settled and
27    conveyed as aforesaid charged with the said sixty five pounds per
28    Annum as aforesaid shall upon any accident or or emergency or otherwise
29    prove defective and not sufficient to answer and pay the said sixty
30    five pounds per Annum or any part thereof Then I will and appoint
31    that the said ffee ffarme rent of seventy eight pounds six shiilings and
32    two pence three ffarthings and the premises in the Parish of St Brides
33    als? Bridgett London shall by vertue of this my Will stand and be
34    charged with and for makeing good the payment thereof in those portions
35    following (that is to say) four parts of what the premises to be charged
36    with the said sixty five pounds per Annum shall prove defective to
37    answer and pay as aforesaid the whole divided into six parts shall be
38    made good and paid out of the said ffee ffarme rent of seventy eight
39    pounds six shillings and two pence three farthings and the two parts
40    (residue of the said deficiency) shall be made good and paid out of the
41    premises in St Brides Parish London aforesaid it being my full
42    intent that the said charity shall be secured effectually to be paid
43    for ever according to the purport of this my Will provided alsoe
44    neverthelesse that if either of my said cousins Roger Gillingham or
45    Roger Bramble or any other in whom the ffreehold and inheritance
46    of my said ffree ffarme rent in Bedfordshire and and messuages in London
47    shall be vested or come unto as aforesaid shall and doe at any time
48    hereafter by and with approbation and consent of the said Governors
49    of the said ffree Grammar Schoole in Wimborne Minster aforesaid
50    testifyed by writing under their Common Seale settle and convey
51    lands tenements and hereditaments approved and declared by such their
52    writing to be sufficient to be charged with the said yearely summe of sixty

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01    five pounds to and for the maintenance of the said school master and
02    Almes ffolkes to be placed in the said schoolehouse and Almeshouses and
03    for the reparation thereof as aforesaid Then and in such case my will and mind
04    is and I doe hereby direct and appoint that from thenceforth after such
05    new settlement made as is last beforementioned my said ffee ffarme rent
06    in Bedfordshire and my said messuages in London shall alsoe be and
07    stand discharged thereof absolutely for ever Item I give and bequeath
08    unto the said Governors of the said ffree Grammar School in Wimborne
09    Minster aforesaid the summe of two hundred pounds of currant money
10    nevertheless upon trust and to this intent and purpose that they and their
11    successors for ever shall from time to time lend out the same to forty poor
12    Tradesmen and other poor people of the said Parish who are laborious
13    and industrious by five pounds apeice upon good security but freely
14    without any interest to be paid for the same that they may have wherewithall
15    to stock themselves with materialls to sell themselves at work and
16    shall call in the same again and dispose it to others from time to
17    time as they shall think fit but not to suffer the same or any parte
18    thereof to remain in one mans hands to whom the same shall be soe
19    but out above the space of three or four yeares at most together and
20    if it shall happen that by insolvency of the securityes or other accident
21    at any time or times hereafter twenty pounds of the said two hundred
22    pounds comes to be lost then the said Governors and and their successors
23    shall call in one hundred pounds of the remainder of the said two
24    hundred pounds and put the same forth at Interest upon very good
25    security till they have thereby raised the said twenty pounds and then
26    to hand out the same againe with the rest of the said two hundred
27    pounds as before is directed Also I give and bequeath unto my
28    said cousin William Pottell my gold watch and new Indian
29    Atlas morning gown and all my law books which last Legacies
30    with the bequests before mentioned to be given to him the said
31    William Pottell I give him for an encouragement and reward for
32    his care and paines to be taken about the execution of this my will
33    and trust thereby reposed in him and in the ?? of my said
34    cousins Roger Gillingham and Roger Bramble and directing
35    and deviseing them and other my near relations (for whom I hand
36    or shall by this my Will or some Codicill thereunto annexed make
37    provision they being all of kin to him (his father being my first
38    cousin both by ffather and mothers side) and that he being soe
39    related and better acquainted with my Estate than either of my other
40    Executors will be intrust) as more diligent soe more usefull in the
41    management thereof to the best advantage of those for whom I intend
42    the same and thereby alsoe (as I do most earnestly desire him) ease and
43    take off both my other Executors of and from all unnecessary trouble in
44    and about the execution of this my Will and trust thereby reposed in
45    him Lastly I doe hereby revoke all former Wills by me made and I
46    doe nominate constitute and appoint my very much esteemed good
47    ffriends William Ettrick of the Middle Temple London Esqr Aldrich
48    Swan of Wimborne Minster aforesaid Clerke and my said cousin
49    William Pottell to be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament
50    giveing them and every of them full power and authority to pay and
51    satisfye themselves all manner of costs charges and expenses which
52    they or any of them (undertakeing the charge and trust I doe hereby

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01    put upon and repose in them (which as I earnestly desire them soe I
02    hope none of them will refuse to accept) shall lay out or be forced to
03    expound by reason of their undertakeing my Executorshipp and the trust
04    and performance of this my will And I doe hereby give unto the said
05    Mr Ettrick Aldrich Swan and William Pottell the summe of fifty pounds
06    a peice for their care and paines to be taken in executeing this my Will
07    and trust thereby reposed in them And I give unto all my said Executors
08    tenn pounds a peice to buy themselves mourning and to each of them five
09    pounds for a servant that waits upon him in witnesse that this is
10    the last Will and Testament of me the said Roger Gillingham contained
11    in seven sheets of paper fixed together with a blue ribbon and my
12    seale thereupon I have to every of the six first sheetes subscribed my
13    name and to this last sheete thereof sett my hand and seale the aforesaid
14    second day of July in the year of our Lord God one thousand six
15    hundred ninety five Roger Gillingham signed sealed published and
16    declared by the said Roger Gillingham (the Testator) for his last Will
17    and Testament in the presence of us who have subscribed our names
18    as Witnesses thereunto in the presence of the said Roger Gillingham W
19    Thursley Ja Buck Tho Rock

20    A CODICILL to be annexed to the
21    last Will and Testament of us Roger Gillingham
22    of the Middle Temple London Esqr bearing date
23    the second day of July one thousand six hundred
24    ninety five

25    FIRST I give and bequeath to and amongst such and soe many
26    of the poor people of the hamblet of Bednall Green in the parish
27    of Stepney and in such proportion as Mr [blank] Blissit collermaker
28    and my Tennant Whaley there or the survivor of them shall nominate
29    and appoint five pounds And to and amongst such and soe many of
30    the poor people of the Parish of Wimborne Minster in the County of
31    Dorsett and in such proportion not exceeding twenty shillings at most
32    to any one person as Mr Aldrich Swan clerke and my cousin Roger
33    Thurborne or the survivor of them shall nominate and appoint tenn
34    pounds whereof to the poor people of the Tything of Cowgrove wherein
35    I was borne five pounds Item I give and bequeath unto and for the
36    use of the now erected Library of Wimborne Minster aforesaid
37    all the books I lately bought for that purpose (That is to say The
38    Poliglott Bible with the Lexicon thereunto belonging in 8 Vol fol
39    Dr Hamonds Workes in 4 Vol fol Plutarchs works Greek and
40    Latin in 2 Vol fol Platos works Greek and Latin in 2 Vol fol
41    Tullyes Works in 2 Vol fol Howells History of the World in 3 Vol
42    fol Dr Moores Works in 3 Vol fol Sr Walter Rawleys History of
43    the World with Roses continuation thereof in 2 Vol fol Dr Cudworths
44    System of the Universe fol Bpp Burnetts History of Reformation
45    in 2 Vol fol Barnes History of King Edward the third fol Brents
46    Translation of the History of the Councell of Trent fol ArchBishop
47    Land Conference with ffisher fol Bpp Pearsons Exposition of the Creed
48    fol Bpp Lakes Sermons fol and soe many of my best folio 4to and 8vo
49    Bookes which are not Law Bookes as are fittest and most usefull for

Page 10 see scan   see index

01    that Library as my said Executors shall estimate and Judge to be
02    worth tenn pounds to be sold and not only such as be fittest for the use
03    of the clergy there but alsoe for the use of the Gent shopkeepers and
04    better sort of Inhabitants in and about the Towne of Wimborne aforesaid
05    but which 3 books my will is my Executors shall not deliver untill the
06    Bookes already given to that Library by my late good friend Mr
07    William Stone or any other since be chained to their places as is usefull
08    in other public Libraryes and chaines and places be provided for such
09    Bookes as I hereby give for which purpose and towards the provideing
10    the said chaines for the bookes hereby given I give the Churchwardens
11    of the said Church tenn pounds And whereas upon the twenty fifth day
12    of ffebruary one thousand six hundred ninety two I did pursuant to
13    an Act of Parliament made in the fourth yeare of the Reign of King
14    William and Queen Mary Secureing Annuityes for lives and commonly
15    called the Million Act pay into their said Majesties Exchequer the summe
16    of five hundred pounds upon five severall Tallyes for one hundred
17    pounds apeice which I had for the same with five several Orders of
18    the same date with the said five Tallyes from the Commissioners of the
19    Treasury for my receiving as a contributor within the said Act the
20    recompenses therein mentioned for the said five severall hundred pounds
21    whereof one Order number 739 is during the life of Roger Gillingham
22    sonn of John Gillingham late of the Towne and County of Southampton
23    Grocer deceased and of Mary his wife (Grand daughter of my sister
24    Margaret long since deceased and now the wife of George Reekes of West
25    Morden in the County of Dorsett yeoman one other order numbered 740
26    is during the life of Roger Bramble sonn of James Bramble of
27    Ensborough in the said County of Dorsett Gent and of Martha his wife
28    (another Grand daughter of my said sister Margaret) one other order
29    numbered 741 is during the life of George Reekes son of the said
30    George Reekes and Mary his wife And two other orders numbered 742
31    and 743 are during the life of William Pottell of Bearwood in the
32    said County of Dorsett yeoman together with the benefit of survivorship
33    mentioned in the said Act if the said Consideration money of the said
34    Tallyes and Orders were continued after the twenty fourth day of June
35    the next following on the said survivorship And whereas the said five
36    severall hundred pounds were afterwards according to provisoe
37    in the said Act mentioned transferred from such survivorship unto
38    the Annuityes therein mentioned of fourteen pounds per Cent per Annum
39    for each hundred pounds during the Lives of the said Nominees
40    respectively and other numbers at the transferring thereof were sett
41    in the severall Margents of the said Orders under the memorandums
42    of the transfers thereof (vizt) on the said 739th Order 4410 on the said
43    740th Order 4411 on the said 741st Order 4412 on the said 742d Order
44    4413 and on the said 743d Order 4414 Now I doe hereby give and
45    devise the said Annuity of fourteen pounds to me payable for the life
46    of the said Roger Gillingham unto the said Martha Bramble for and
47    dureing so many yeares as she shall happen to live dureing the life
48    of the said Roger Gillingham and if she shall happen to dye before the
49    said Roger Gillingham and the said Roger Bramble her sonn shall be
50    then liveing then I give and devise the said last mentioned Annuity shall
51    the said Roger Bramble her sonn for soe many yeares as he shall
52    happen to live during the remainder of the life of the said Roger Gillingham

Page 11 see scan   see index

01    GILLINGHAM and if the said Martha Bramble
02    and Roger Bramble shall both happen to dye dureing the life of
03    the said Roger Gillingham then I give and devise the Annuity
04    together with the Tally and Order for the same unto the said Roger
05    Gillingham and his Assignes during the remainder of his life And I
06    hereby give and devise the said fourteen pounds Annuity to me payable
07    for the life of the said Roger Bramble together with the Tally and Order
08    for the same unto the said Roger Bramble and his Assignes dureing the
09    terme of his naturall life And I doe hereby give and devise the said
10    fourteen pounds Annuity to me payable for the life of the said George
11    Reekes the Same together with the Tally and Order for the same unto
12    the said George Reekes the sonn and his Asignes dureing the terme
13    of his naturall life And I doe hereby give and devise the said two
14    severall Annuityes of fourteen pounds apeice payable to me dureing the
15    life of the said William Pottell unto my cousin Roger Thurborne grand
16    son of my said sister Margaret and his Assignes for and dureing soe
17    many yeares as he shall happen to live dureing the life of the said William
18    Pottell and if he shall happen to dye before the said William Pottell
19    Roger Reekes another sonn of the said George Reekes and Mary his wife
20    shall be then liveing Then I give and devise the said two last mentioned
21    Annuityes to the said Roger Reekes for soe many yeares as he shall
22    happen to live dureing the remainder of the life of the said William
23    Pottell and if the said Roger Thurborne and Roger Reekes Shall both
24    happen to dye dureing the life of the said William Pottell then I give
25    and devise the same Annuityes together with the Tallyes and Orders
26    for the same unto the said Roger Gillingham his Executors and Assignes
27    dureing the life of the said William Pottell And whereas in further persuant
28    of the said Act I did upon the twenty third day of September one thousand six
29    hundred ninety three pay into their said Majesties said Exchequer three
30    hundred pounds more and thereby as a further contributor within the said
31    Act did purchase three other Annuityes of fourteen pounds apeice during
32    the severall and respective lives of the said Roger Gillingham sonn of
33    the said John Gillingham George Reekes the younger son of the said
34    George Reekes the older and the said William Pottell and upon the
35    twenty eighth day of the same month did likewise pay into their said
36    Majesties said Exchequer two hundred pounds more and thereby purchased
37    two other Annuityes of fourteen pounds apeice dureing the severall and
38    respective lives of the said Roger Gillingham son of the said John
39    Gillingham and the said Roger Reekes and had five severall Tallyes
40    and Orders for the said last mentioned five severall Annuityes whereof
41    two Tallyes and Orders numbered 4604 and 5484 are are dureing the life
42    of the said Roger Gillingham and one other Tally and Order numbered 4605
43    is dureing the life of the said George Reekes the younger one other Tally and
44    Order numbred 4606 is dureing the life of the said William Pottell and
45    one other Tally and Order numbered 5485 is dureing the life of the said
46    Roger Reekes Now I doe hereby give and devise the said two severall
47    Annuityes of fourteen pounds apeice herein last before mentioned and
48    limitted for or dureing the life of the said Roger Gillingham unto the said
49    Mary Reekes his mother and her Assignes dureing soe many yeares as
50    she shall happen to live dureing the life of the said Roger Gillingham
51    her son soe as she and her said husband doe permit and suffer my said

Page 12 see scan   see index

01    Executors and the survivors and survivor of them to have the sole
02    education guardianshipp and government of her said sonn Roger
03    Gillingham dureing his minority without their or other of their
04    intermedling therewith otherwise my devise of the said two last mentioned
05    Annuityes unto her to be void and then and in such case or if the said
06    Mary Reekes shall happen to dye in the life time of the said Roger
07    Gillingham I give and devise the said two last mentioned Annuityes together
08    with the Tallyes and Orders for the same unto the said Roger Gillingham
09    and his Assignes dureing the then remainder of his naturall life And alsoe
10    I give and devise the said fourteen pounds Annuity herein last before
11    mentioned and limitted for or dureing the life of the said George Reekes
12    the sonn together with the Tally and Order for the same unto the said
13    George Reekes the son and his Assignes dureing the terme of his naturall
14    life And I doe hereby give and devise the said fourteen pounds Annuity
15    to me payable dureing the life of the said Roger Reekes together with
16    the Tally and Order for the same unto the said Roger Reekes and his
17    Assignes dureing the term of his natural life And alsoe I do hereby
18    give and devise the said Annuity of fourteen pounds herein last before
19    mentioned and limitted for or dureing the life of the said William Pottell
20    together with the Tally and Order for the same unto the said Martha
21    Bramble and her Assigns for and dureing soe many yeares as she shall
22    happen to live dureing the life of the said William Pottell and if she
23    shall happen to dye before the said William Pottell then I give the same
24    Annuity unto her said son Roger Bramble if then liveing dureing so
25    many yeares as he shall happen to live dureing the life of the said
26    William Pottell And if the said Roger Bramble shall be then dead
27    or shall happen to dye dureing the life of the said William Pottell
28    then I give and devise the same Annuity together with the Tally and
29    Order for the same unto the said Roger Gillingham his Executors
30    and Assignes dureing all the remainder of the life of the said William
31    Pottell And whereas in pursuance of one other Act of Parliament
32    made in the fifth and sixth yeares of their said Majesties Reigne
33    commonly called the Lottery Act or million Lottery Act paid unto one
34    of their said Majesties Receivors the summe of two hundred pounds
35    and thereby as an Adventuror and Contributor within the same Act
36    purchased twenty severall Ticketts or Lotts part of the 100,000 Tickets
37    or Lotts therein mentioned where of tenn Ticketts are numbered from
38    99021 to 99030 inclusive and the other tenn Ticketts are numbered
39    from 99811 to 99820 inclusive whereby I and my Assignes the Bearer
40    or Bearers of the said respective Ticketts or Lotts are intitled
41    to twenty severall Annuityes of one pound for sixteen yeares to
42    commence from Michaelmas one thousand six hundred ninety four
43    last past to be paid as in the said last mentioned Act is directed
44    and appointed Now I do hereby give and bequeath the said ten Tickets
45    numbered from 99021 to 99030 inclusive as aforesaid together with
46    the severall Annuityes of one pound apeice for the same dureing the
47    said terme of sixteen yeares unto my diligent and faithful servant
48    Mary Peake her Executors and Assignes And I doe hereby give the
49    five severall Tickets numbered 99811, 99[8]12, 99813, 99814, 99815
50    together with the severall Annuityes of one pound apeice for the same
51    for the said terme of sixteen yeares unto Ann Diamond widow
52    daughter of John Boyce late one of the serjeants of the Citty of London

Page 13 see scan   see index

01    deceased her Executors and Assignes for the said whole terme of sixteen years
02    And I give and bequeath five of the said last mentioned tenn Ticketts numbered
03    99816 99817 99818 99819 99820 and the five severall Annuitys of
04    one pound apeice for the same for the said terme of sixteen yeares unto
05    Thomas Parker Taylor Nephew of my first wife Susan and his Assignes
06    for and dureing soe many yeares of the said Terme of sixteen yeares as
07    he shall happen to live and if he shall happen to dye before the end of
08    the said terme Then I give and bequeath the said five last mentioned
09    severall Tickets and Annuitys of one pound apeice unto Benjamin Parker
10    brother of the said Thomas Parker his Executors and Assignes for and
11    dureing the then rest and residue of the said terme of sixteen years And
12    I doe hereby remit and forgive unto my antient friend and acquaintance
13    Mr ?? the older all such summe and summes of money as he
14    owes me upon accompt or otherwise which (as I take and compute it)
15    amounts to the sume of one hundred pounds or thereabouts And I doe
16    alsoe give and remit unto my late Tennant Thomas Clark the fifty
17    seven pounds he owes me And to all other my respective debtors their
18    Debts oweing me upon Bonds Bills or Notes upon which I have or
19    shall at any time dureing my life signifye my mind or direct that the same
20    be forgiven and I give unto Mrs Elizabeth Harward widow out of her
21    arreares of Rent whilst she was my Tennant for which I have her severall
22    Bonds tenn pounds To Mrs Lucy Welden? five pounds To [blank] Coston
23    widdow liveing at Dog Row near Bednall Green five pounds And I
24    give unto every one of the Masters (my brethren) of the Bench of the
25    Middle Temple London twenty shillings to make each of them a Ring
26    of that price for remembrance of me and to Mr Buck sub-Treasurer
27    of the Middle Temple tenn shillings And to the Butlers and Underofficers
28    of that house six shillings and eight pence apeice to buy each of them a
29    Ring for a remembrance of me And to my honoured and worthy ffriends
30    Sir John Napier and Sir William Barkham Baronet Sr Thomas Millington
31    and Sir Anthony Kerk Knight The Reverend Dr Sherlock Deane of St Pauls
32    and Master of the Temple Peter Barwick Dr of Phisick Thomas Halsey
33    and William Ettrick Esqrs a Guinea apeice to make each of them a
34    Ring in remembrance of me and to my very good friends Sr William
35    Cooper and Sr ffrancis Child knights William Pawlett Serjeant at Law
36    Dr Hans Slone John Greene Ralph Grange Henry Pouton and Henry
37    Eyer esqrs Mr Thomas Farkson Dr William Hayley Mr Anthony
38    Kerk Str? Mr Anthony Guidott and Mr Nicholas Ingram And to my
39    Cousins Mr Thomas Bedford Mr Richard Hayward Mr William
40    Pottell Mr Andrew Gillingham Mr Stephen ffyler Mr Richard
41    Gillingham of Ham my cousin Richard Gillingham Reader in the
42    Temple Church Mr Robert Russell and Mr Richard Gillingham of
43    Oakley twenty shillings apeice to make each of them a Ring for a
44    remembrance of me And to my very loveing ffriends the said Mr Clement
45    Hoy? Mr Thomas Barnwell Mr Henry Lewen? Mr Thomas Rock and
46    likewise to every one of the Governors of the ffree Grammar School
47    of Wimborne Minster aforesaid unto whom I have not herein before
48    given in some other Capacity the like Legacy and the three Ministers
49    of the Church there and Master and Usher of the said School for the
50    time being twenty shillings a peice to make each of them a Ring for a
51    remembrance of me Alsoe I give unto my Servants Mary Peake and
52    William Wollerton (if liveing with me at my death) one years wages

Page 14x see scan   see index

The words in italics were added in 1832 around the 1695 Will Page 14 below.
01    On the 5th day of April 1832 Administration of the Goods Chattels and Credits of Roger Gillingham late of the Middle
02    Temple London Esquire deceased left unadminstered by the Reverend Aldrich Swan Clerk deceased whilst living one of the
03    Executors named in the Will with a Codicil of the said Deceased was granted to Edward Weaver of Gloucester Street in the
04    County of Middlesex Gentleman the nominee and in the part and behalf of the Right Honorable Francis Almaric Baron
05    Churchill The Right Honorable James Baron Gambier Sir Francis Bernard Morland of Pall Mall in the County of
06    Middlesex Baronet and Thomas Tyringham Bernarol of the same place Esquire limited so far as concerns all the

07    Right Title and Interest of him
08    the said Deceased in and to a
09    certain Park Land and premises
10    called Marsly Park or the
11    Park of Marsly otherwise Holl
12    Park situate in the County of
13    Denbigh and the Hereditaments
14    and appurtenances thereto belonging
15    and the remainder now to come
16    and unexpired of three several terms
17    of One thousand years One thousand
18    years and one
19    thousand years granted and assigned
20    in and by an Inventure dated the
21    twenty sixth of March One thousand
22    six hundred and fifty seven (so far
23    as the same respectively relate to
24    or concern the said premises and
25    all benefit and advantage to be
26    had received and taken therefrom
27    but no further or otherwise or in
28    any other manner whatsoever
29    having been first sworn duly to
30    Administer. The said Reverend Aldrich
31    Swan Clerk survived his Co-Executors
32    William Ettrick Esquire and William
33    Pottell and died Intestate

Page 14 see scan   see index

01    besides what I shall then owe them for wages or otherwise And I give unto ........
02    the said William Wollerton my silver watch and such of my weareing
03    cloathes as my Executors shall think fit for his weareing And I give to
04    my said late dear Wives god-daughter Agnes Hayward and Agnes
05    Page five pounds apeice To my Cousin Forman John Gillingham and
06    his three sonns John Roger and the said Richard Gillingham (Reader of
07    the Temple Church) And Anne his daughter my cousin Robert Gillingham
08    (his brother) and his children To my cousin Anne Counter (sister of my
09    said cousin William Pottell) To my Cousin [blank] Tilsed the widow of
10    James Tilsed And to my Cousin Elizabeth Holmes five pounds apeice And
11    to each of the children of the said Elizabeth Homes twenty shillings And I
12    give my cousins the said James Bramble and Martha his wife and Roger
13    Bramble their sonn And to the said George Reekes and Mary his wife and
14    the said Roger Gillingham her sonn and to the said Roger Thurborne five
15    pounds apeice to be paid and sent them within a weeke after my funerall
16    to buy each of them mourning to weare in the Country where they live in
17    remembrance of me And I doe hereby will and direct that noe other
18    mourning or Rings be given to my executors after my death to any
19    other than I have herein before and by my said Will in that behalfe
20    directed (except only mourning to such servants as shall be liveing with
21    me at my death And I hereby earnestly request my very good ffriends
22    the said Mr Anthony Guidott and Mr Anthony Kerke to be ayding and
23    assisting to my Executors as they shall have occassion to make use of them
24    in the execution of the trust reposed in them by my Will and for that
25    purpose I give the said Mr Guidott and Mr Kerke five pounds apeice
26    And my ?? and will is that my Executors have six monthes time for
27    payment of all my Legacyes exceeding twenty shillings apeice except
28    what I have given for mourning In witnesse whereof I the said Roger
29    Gillingham have to the four first of these five sheetes of paper wherein
30    this Codicill is written fixed together with a black Ribbon and my
31    seale there upon subscribed my name and to this fifth or last sheet set
32    my hand and seale the second day of July in the yeare of our Lord one
33    thousand six hundred ninety five Roger Gillingham signed sealed
34    published and declared by the said Roger Gillingham as a Codicill to
35    be annexed to his last Will and Testament and to be taken as parte
36    thereof in the presence of us who have subscribed our names as Witnesses
37    thereunto in the presence of the said Roger Gillingham And at the same
38    time republished the Will to which this Codicill is annexed Tho.
39    Millington Rich. Wallop W.Thursby John Orlebar Richard Gillingham
40    Wm Wollerton

Rule of Three

see index

The Rule of Three gained notoriety for being particularly difficult to explain: see Cocker's Arithmetick for an example of how the premier textbook in the 17th century approached the subject.

Though popular, like most texts of its time, Arithmetick style is formal, stiff and difficult to follow as illustrated in its explanation of the "rule of three".

"Again, observe, that of the three given numbers, those two that are of the same kind, one of them must be the first, and the other the third, and that which is of the same kind with the number sought, must be the second number in the rule of three; and that you may know which of the said numbers to make your first, and which your third, know this, that to one of those two numbers there is always affixed a demand, and that number upon which the demand lieth must always be reckoned the third number"

The problem is much easier to see using algebra.

        If     a = c
               b   d
 
       Then   a = bc
                  d

Given b,c and d, then a may be calculated.

Wimborne Chained library

see index

Books bequeathed
Books were bequeathed to Wimborne (unchained) Library
by the Will of Roger Gillingham in 1695.


"I give and bequeath unto and for the use of the now erected Library of Wimborne Minster aforesaid all the books I lately bought for that purpose"
(see page 9 lines 39-49 and page 10 lines 1-11)



    (Folio is approx 15" tall, Quarto 12" and Octavo 9")

  1. The Poliglott Bible
    with the Lexicon thereunto belonging in 8 Vol (folio)
  2. Dr Hamonds Workes in 4 Vol (folio)
  3. Plutarchs works Greek and Latin in 2 Vol (folio)
  4. Platos works Greek and Latin in 2 Vol (folio)
  5. Tullyes Works in 2 Vol (folio)
  6. Howells History of the World in 3 Vol (folio)
  7. Dr Moores Works in 3 Vol (folio)
  8. Sr Walter Rawleys History of the World
    with Roses continuation thereof in 2 Vol (folio)
  9. Dr Cudworths System of the Universe (folio)
  10. Bishop Burnetts History of Reformation in 2 Vol (folio)
  11. Barnes History of King Edward the third (folio)
  12. Brents Translation of the History of the Councell of Trent (folio)
  13. ArchBishop Land Conference with ffisher (folio)
  14. Bishop Pearsons Exposition of the Creed (folio)
  15. Bishop Lakes Sermons (folio)



Origin of the chains
Roger Gillingham's Will required the use of chains and gave money to buy them.

".......and soe many of my best folio 4to and 8vo Bookes which are not Law Bookes as are fittest and most usefull for that Library as my said Executors shall estimate and Judge to be worth tenn pounds to be sold and not only such as be fittest for the use of the clergy there but alsoe for the use of the Gent shopkeepers and better sort of Inhabitants in and about the Towne of Wimborne aforesaid but which 3 books my will is my Executors shall not deliver untill the Bookes already given to that Library by my late good friend Mr William Stone or any other since be chained to their places as is usefull in other public Libraryes and chaines and places be provided for such Bookes as I hereby give for which purpose and towards the provideing the said chaines for the bookes hereby given I give the Churchwardens of the said Church tenn pounds.....

Frank Tandy, Curator of Wimborne Chained Library, born 1926.

Million Act

see index

In 1692, the first attempt was made by the English Government to raise money by means of life annuities and in connection with this effort there appears the first mention of life annuities in the English Statutes. Through the "Million Act" (4 William and Mary, c.3) it was proposed to raise 1,000,000, to carry on the war against France, by means of tontine annuities, for the interest upon which 100,000 payable annually was to be set apart until A. D. 1700, and then 70,000 annually. In the event that the entire million was not subscribed by a given date, those who had subscribed were to have, in lieu of tontine advantages, an annuity of 14 in resPect to every 100 subscribed for the remainder of their own or nominee's lives. There were no provisions or restrictions as to age. Some 882,000 were raised by means of this method. In connection with this Act a table of prospective survivors was made up which showed the expected number of persons who would die out of 10,000 annuitants, in each year from 1694-1792. There are some suspicions that the astronomer Edmund Halley had something to do with the invention of this table. Since the entire 1,000,000 was not subscribed to, another Act was passed in 1693 granting life annuities also at the rate of 14 percent per annum. The actual experience of this batch of annuitants was tabulated by Mr.John Finlaison in 1829, along with his valuation of a number of other tontines issued in subsequent years by the British Government.

Million Lottery Act

see index

The Million Lottery Act of 1693, authorising the establishment of the so-called Million Lottery scheme, involving the sale of up to 100,000 tickets to "natives or foreigners". This state-sponsored scheme was designed to raise the sum of 1 million "towards carrying on the war against France".

Names mentioned

    see index

  1. Richard Alchorne 0345 Brother in Law
  2. Sir William Barkham 0211
  3. Thomas Barnwell 1345 very loveing friend
  4. Sir Peter Barwich 0211
  5. Peter Barwick 1332
  6. Thomas Bedford 1339 cousin
  7. Mr [blank] Blissit 0927 Collermaker, Bednall Green, Stepney
  8. John Boyce 1252 Late one of the Serjeants of the City of London
  9. James Bramble 1026 of Ensborough in Dorset gent
  10. Martha Bramble 1027 grand daughter of sister Margaret
  11. Roger Bramble 0402 son of James Bramble and Martha, minor
  12. Ja Buck 0919
  13. Mr Buck 1326
  14. Joseph Camblett 0416
  15. Sir Francis Child 1335
  16. Thomas Clark 1316
  17. Sir William Cooper 1334
  18. Mrs [blank] Costen 1322
  19. Anne Counter 1408 sister of William Pottell
  20. Robert Dalby 0416
  21. Ann Diamond 1251 widow of the late John Boyce
  22. William Ettrick 0847
  23. Henry Eyer 1336
  24. Mr Thomas Farkson 1337
  25. Stephen Ffyler 1340 cousin
  26. Agnes Gillingham 0348 late wife nee Alchorne, deceased
  27. Andrew Gillingham 1340 cousin
  28. Anne Gillingham 1407 cousin, daughter of John Gillingham (2)
  29. John Gillingham (1) 1022 late of Southampton grocer deceased
  30. John Gillingham (2) 1405 cousin, Forman
  31. John Gillingham (3) 1406 son of John Gillingham (2)
  32. Margaret Gillingham 0213 sister, long since deceased
  33. Mary Gillingham 1023
  34. Richard Gillingham 1341
  35. Richard Gillingham (1) 4106 son of John Gillingham (2) Reader in Temple Church
  36. Richard Gillingham (2) 1342 cousin, of Oakley
  37. Richard Gillingham (3) 1340 cousin, of Ham
  38. Robert Gillingham 1407 cousin
  39. Roger Gillingham 0102 Testator 1695
  40. Roger Gillingham (1) 0212 nephew, son (minor) of John Gillingham (1) & Mary (later Reekes)
  41. Roger Gillingham (2) 0629 cousin, son of John Gillingham (2)
  42. Roger Gillingham (3) 0611 nephew, son of Thomas Gillingham, deceased
  43. Susan Gillingham 0304 Late wife
  44. Thomas Gillingham 0612 brother, deceased
  45. Ralph Grange 1336
  46. John Greene 1336
  47. Mr Anthony Guidott 1338
  48. Thomas Halsey 1332
  49. Thomas Hassack 0412
  50. Mrs Elizabeth Harward 1320
  51. Dr William Hayley 1337
  52. Agnes Hayward 1404
  53. Anne Hayward 0348
  54. Richard Hayward 0347
  55. Richard Hayward 1339
  56. Roger Hayward 0347
  57. William Hollway 0445
  58. Elizabeth Holmes 1410 cousin
  59. Clement Hoy 1313 antient ffriend and acquaintance
  60. Mr Nicholas Ingram 1338
  61. Sir Anthony Kerk 1331
  62. Mr Anthony Kerk 1337
  63. Henry Lewen? 1345
  64. Sir Thomas Millington 1330
  65. Thomas Millington 1438
  66. Sir John Napier 0225
  67. John Orlebar 1439
  68. Benjamin Parker 0317
  69. Benjamin Parker 1309
  70. Agnes Page 1404
  71. Thomas Parker 0303
  72. Thomas Parker 0318
  73. Thomas Parker 1305
  74. William Pawlett 1335
  75. Mary Peake 1351
  76. William Pottell (1)1031 Yeoman of Bearwood in Dorset
    (his father my first cousin both by father and Mother's side)
  77. William Pottell (2)0346 cousin, Middle Temple, gent
  78. Henry Pouton 1336
  79. George Reekes (1) 1024 the older, yeoman of West Morden (husband of Mary)
  80. George Reekes (2) 1029 cousin, younger son of George and Mary Reekes
  81. Mary Reekes 1030 cousin, dau of sister Margaret, wife of
    George Reekes and previously John Gillingham (1)
  82. Roger Reekes 1119 cousin, son of George and Mary Reekes
  83. Tho Rock 0919
  84. Thomas Rock 1345
  85. Robert Russell 1342 cousin?
  86. William Sheppard 0426
  87. Rev Dr Sherlock 1331
  88. Dr Hans Slone 1336
  89. William Stead 0309
  90. William Stone 1007
  91. Aldrich Swan 0847
  92. Roger Thurborne 0217 cousin, grandson of my sister Margaret
  93. W Thursby 1439
  94. W Thursley 0919
  95. Susan Tibbots 0315
  96. Thomas Tibbots 0315
  97. [blank] Tilsed 1409 cousin, the widow of James Tilsed
  98. James Tilsed 1410 Husband of cousin Tilsed
  99. Richard Wallop 1439
  100. Mrs Lucy Weldon 1322
  101. Richard Whaley 0422 Tennant of 5 acres of meadow & pasture field in Bednall Green
  102. William Wollerton 1352 Servant to Testator

Relations of Roger Gillingham

of Cowgrove and the Middle Temple

see index

(page and line above names)                                                                WIGM=Wigmore    
                               William           ?                                         ALCH=Alchorne   
                               GILLINGHAM===v====?                                         THURB=Thurborne 
                                            |                                              GILL=Gillingham 
 |----------------|-------------------------|-------------------------------------|                        
 |               1341                                                             |                        
William          Richard           ?                                              ?         ?              
GILLINGHAM       GILLINGHAM===v===POTELL                                         GILL===v===?              
                              |                                                         |                  
             |----------|-----|----|----------------------------|                       |-------------|    
            0213                  0612              0348       1625             0304   1405          1407  
Thomas      Margaret  Ann         Thomas     Grace  Agnes      Roger            Susan  John       ?  Robert
THURB===V===GILL      CRISP===v===GILL===v===X      ALCH===v===GILLINGHAM===v===X      GILL===v===?  GILL  
        |                     |          |                     1695                    [2]    |            
        |                     |          |                                                    |            
        |          |          |      |---|--|----|----|                       |----|-------|--|--|         
       Ann         X          |      |      |    |   0611                    1406 1406    1406  1407       
       THURB===v===THURBORNE Thomas George Ann  Ann  Roger                   John Richard Roger Ann        
               |             GILL   GILL   GILL GILL GILLINGHAM              GILL GILL    GILL  GILLINGHAM 
               |                                     [3]                                  [2]              
               |                                                                                           
               |---------------------------------------|--------------|                                    
   1022        |               1024                   0217           1027        1026                      
   John       Mary             George                 Roger       ?  Martha      James                     
   GILL===v===THURB========v===REEKES                 THURB===v===?  THURB===v===BRAMBLE                   
   [1]    |                |   [1]                            |              |                             
          |                |-------|                   |------|---|          |                             
         0212             1029    1119                 |          |         0402                           
         Roger      Ann   George  Roger   John        Elizabeth  Ann        Roger                          
         GILL===v===WIGM  REEKES  REEKES  MOORE===v===THURBORNE  THURBORNE  BRAMBLE                        
         [1]              [2]                                                                              

Who was Roger Gillingham?

see index
This research was obtained from Frank Tandy of Wimborne, Curator of Wimborne Chained Library

The Primary School at Pamphill near Wimborne in Dorset was founded by means of a bequest from the will of Roger Gillingham in 1698. I am not related to any Gillingham families, but my grandchildren attended, and still attend the school at Pamphill. With the advent of the school's 300th anniversary - & still in the same building in 1998 - I was asked to look at the school records & to transcribe "the Will".

It soon transpired that although there was a lot of information about Roger Gillingham the question remained - who was Roger Gillingham & what was his ancestry?

It has been said that his father could have been Richard Gillingham, a minister at Wimborne Minster. It was thought so by Rev. F J Huyish, who transcribed & printed the Wimborne parish registers in the parish magazine. The Rev. Richard Gillingham's will soon showed this to have been a misconception. So who was Roger Gillingham?

The starting point was "the Will". The Pamphill school's copy had been obtained from the Dorset Record Office. This turned out to be incomplete there being no mention of his bequest to the chained library in Wimborne Minster. In fact the whole lengthy codicil, which contains more genealogical information, was missing. The full copy of Roger Gillingham's will (PCC:10 Bond 1698) in the Public Record Office contains names of some 100 relatives, friends, occupations & property. The will includes bequests to a School in Luton; money to poor in Bethnal Green, Wimborne, and Cowgrove; property in Blackfriers, Bethnal Green, Stepney, Denbigh, and Bedford. In addition the will provides details for the foundation of a school & almshouses to be built at Pamphill, near Wimborne.

His executors were to spend money, not exceeding four hundred pounds, in enclosing grounds at Pamphill Green and building a School house with accomodation for a School master who was to be a widower, or single person. On each side of the school there were to be almshouses for "four poor indigent men", and for "four poor indigent women". The occupants were to be widowed, or "single persons never married".

The main benficiaries to the will were to raise £65 a year from rents of land to pay to the schoolmaster & almspersons at Pamphill. However, there were problems with payments of this bequest.

The 2nd edition of Hutchins "History of Dorset", in 1796 states that "I am sorry to be obliged to add that this school and almshouse has for some late years been shut up, occasioned by a law-suit between the governors of the said school and almshouse and the representative of Mr Gillingham, who refuses, under some dishonourable pretence or other, to fulfil this charitable endowment."

The main beneficiary in the will of Roger Gillingham was his nephew Roger Gillingham, a minor the son of the late John & Mary Gillingham. John had been a grocer in Southampton. His widow, Mary, had married George Reekes of Morden. The will makes provision for, and control of young Roger's education.

It seems likely that Roger Gillingham's mother was a member of the Pottell family. In his will he refers to his cousin William Pottell in relation to the education of Roger Gillingham (juior) and his cousin Roger Bramble "they being all of kin to him his father being my first cousin both by father and mother's side." Both Roger Gillingham (junior) & Roger Bramble were admitted to the Middle Temple on 22nd November 1695. At that time the Inns of Court provided education to sons of individuals, and not neccessarily only to those intending to practise law.

The younger Roger Gillingham, later of Sidney Sussex College Cambridge, married Ann Wigmore the daughter of Gilbert Wigmore of Little Shelford in Cambridge, and became rector of that parish.

Roger GILLINGHAM

It is apparant from his will & other records that Roger Gillingham had been born in Cowgrove (near Pamphill), the 2nd son of Richard Gillingham, a gentleman of Wimborne. His elder brother, Thomas a yeoman farmer, had occupied land at Cowgrove, and The Middle Temple Inn of Court show that Roger matriculated at All Souls College when aged 14 in 1640. He was admitted to membership of the Middle Temple in November 1654, and called to the Bar in June 1662.

Subsequently, he became: a Bencher, and a Treasurer (for 1694) of the Middle Temple. Benchers constituted the Parliament, or governing body of the Inn of Court. The Readers gave lectures, and traditionally a "feast" for the benefit of fellow Middle Templars. The Treasurer was chief execitive of the Inn during his one-year tenure.

The "Minutes of the Middle Temple Parliament" show that Roger was an active member of the Inn. The Parliament nominated "Mr Gillingham" to membership of several committees including the occasion on 16 June 1693 when he was "to consider how the place where close stools are emptied may be amended, to prevent the offence and ill scent to chambers over it".

According to the "Middle Temple Bench Book" Roger Gillingham died in 1695/96 (and was buried in the "Temple [Church] vault". However, there is no record of any tombstone or memorial.

From his will we know that he owned property in: Dorset, Stepney (Bednal Green), Bedfordshire, and in Cambridge. He had friends in high places, relatives in Dorset (Thurborne, Bramble, Reekes, Pottell) & elsewhere. He was married twice, but with no children (at least none surviving).

Who was Richard Gillingham - Roger's father?
Apart from the rather sparse records from the Parish Registers a number of records exist that relate to the Gillinghams, and provide clues to the identity, and relationships of Roger and Richard Gillingham.

A Survey of Kingston Lacy made in 1606 records a William Gillingham as a free tenant who paid 23d rent for water course to his mill at Lake.

Wimborne is the only parish in Dorset where there is a body of governors. A Charter [of Elizabeth 1 in 1562/3] provided for 1[2] governors who would appoint priests & clerks to perform church services, and granted the governors tithes to support these officials. The records of these payments show John & Richard Gillingham in Cowgrove from 1611 and 1612.

In 1616: Richard Gillingham is recorded as making land in Cowgrove & Corfe Mullen over to his brother William Gillingham.

Church warden's accounts: 1625 January Will of Richard Gillingham
Relatives Robert Gillingham, Henry (child) died, Margaret, Elizabeth, children. Gross value £20.10.9. After debts £12.4.1

There are no Gillinghams listed in the Kingston Lacy estate rental for Cowgrove in 1655, any members of the family who may have been present would probably have been freeholders. However, a Richard Gillingham is listed as a freeholder of meadow in Corfe Mullen.

In 1666 & 1667 Thomas & John Gillingham are shown as taking over payment of the Cowgrove tithes. Possibly as a result of the death of a Richard Gillingham.

In 1670 & 1671 the Cowgrove tithe was paid by (Grace) the widow of Thomas Gillingham until 1677 when the rents were paid by John Gillingham. In 1691 the same tithes are shown as being paid by the widow of John Gillingham. By 1693 the tithes were being paid by Roger Gillingham Esq.

In 1698 & 1699: the Abbotstreet tithe was paid by Roger Thurborne (late Gillingham).

The Wimborne Enclosure Award in 1786 shows Ann Gough (the daughter of Roger Gillingham the younger) as being a freeholder.

Property in Cowgrove.
Thomas Gillingham died in 1669, and appointed Roger, his brother, to be an executor of his will. From that will his daughter Ann inherited his "dwelling house at Cowgrove & the barn there & the outhouse theare & the garden & outhouse theare, & one acre of Arable land theare lying in Brownes Croft & adjoining the orchard all aforesaid being part of my lands for fourscoare & nineteen yeares to come after the day of her marriage or from the time that she shall accomplish the age of one and twenty yeares"

A survey of the estate by William Woodward was commissioned by Henry Bankes in 1773, shortly after he succeeded to the Kingston Lacy estate. The maps contained in this survey, and the tithe maps made in about 1847 both show the Brownes Croft mentioned in the will of Thomas Gillingham. It is possible that this, now arable field, may have contained Roger's birthplace.

Where does Roger's family fit in a wider picture?
The 1851 Census includes 359 Gilinghams in Dorset. The 1881 Census includes 1343 Gillinghams in total, of whom 464 were born in Dorset (34%); 369 were living in Dorset (27%); and 341 were both born & living in Dorset (25%).

While the 369 Gillinghams living in Dorset in 1881 was the highest for any county, there were 163 in London & Middlesex, and 146 in Somerset. No other county contained more than 80 Gillinghams.

An early interest in Gillingham families is shown by entries in "Somerset & Dorset Notes & Queries" which provides information from several sources (1902-1905).

A number of relevant Gillingham wills exist. However, trying to sort out any connections & relationships is not easy. The task is rather like a Jigsaw, except that several puzzles, each with pieces missing are all in one box. The fact that information from parish registers is sparse does not help.

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